<- Home <- Arhive <- Vol. 29, Issue 3, September 2021



Rom J Leg Med29(3)287-294(2021)
DOI:10.4323/rjlm.2021.287
© Romanian Society of Legal Medicine


ANALYSIS OF CRANIO-CEREBRAL INJURIES AND MORTALITY PATTERN IN ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS- RETROSPECTIVE, AUTOPSY STUDY

Z. Slovic, K. Vitosevic, D. Todorovic, M. Vuletic, M. Todorovic


Abstract: Objectives. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of cranio-cerebral injuries among road traffic subjects.
Methods. This was a retrospective, analytical, epidemiological and cross-sectional study that investigated road traffic deaths for period between 2001-2016 year. This study included 525 subjects, who died as a result trauma following road traffic collisions.
Results. In the study sample, 64.6% (339/525) of subjects suffered from cranio-cerebral injuries. There were 256 (75.5%) men and 83 (24.5%) women. Pedestrians, bicyclists and motorcyclists were the most vulnerable participants when it comes to skull bone fractures and brain tissue injuries. From the total number of 525, 55.4% subjects died at the scene of the accident or on their way to the hospital, while 44.6% subjects survived the injuries for a certain period of time. Trimodal distribution of dying was observed: at the scene of the accident, after 6 hours, and after 7 days. Cranio-cerebral injury was the leading cause of death in the group of subjects who died at the scene of the accident and in the group of subjects who survived the injuries for the certain period of time. It was observed that the brainstem lacerations, skull fractures destructions, brain tissue destructions, simultaneous occurrence of cranio-cerebral, chest and abdominal injury or simultaneous occurrence of cranio-cerebral and abdominal injury in a higher percentage lead to death at the scene.
Conclusion. Recognition of these features would be useful in designing effective accident prevention strategies and in hospital treatment of RTA trauma patients.
Keywords: cranio-cerebral injuries, brain injuries, road traffic accidents, autopsy



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