<- Home <- Arhive <- Vol. 26, Issue 1, March 2018

Rom J Leg Med26(1)1-11(2018)
© Romanian Society of Legal Medicine

Human gyrus cinguli as an anatomic marker in the neuronal system processing behavioural and cognitive act. Implications in forensic psychopathology

I. Marinescu, P. R. Melinte, I. Dincă, E. Pătrascu, M. I. B. Meșină, G. SDrăgoi,

Abstract: The diversification of the analysis and evaluation methods of neuronal limbic system structures and of the gyrus cinguli in particular has led to the abandonment of classical methods of macro-neuro-anatomic dissection. We aim at working out a methodology for the macro-anatomic study of the form, relations and gyrus cinguli connexions in order to unveil the morphological features of gyrus cinguli that, in turn, might reveal the anatomo-functional correlations in psychoneuro- pathology. The study was carried out on 81 human encephala of which 18 were taken from adults and 63 from feti. The topography of connective infoldings of the gyrus cinguli with limbic and paralimbic structures draws attention on the integrative potential of gyrus cinguli in the neuronal system coordinating behavioural and cognitive act. The anatomic and functional evaluation of this system enables the evaluation of location, connexions and lesions pertaining Brodman’s areas found on the cortical territories of gyrus cinguli, i.e. anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) for areas 25, 24 și 32; posterior cingulate cortex (PCC) for area 31 and retro splenial cortex (RSC) for area 30. We open a new perspective in approaching the macroanatomic, morphoscopic and morphometric aspects of gyrus cingu
Keywords: Gyrus cinguli, Great limbic system, Connection infoldings, Brodman’s area, Processing system of behavioural and cognitive act.

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